The reasons for the epidemics and contagious diseases that prevailed in Auschwitz concentration camp included the dreadful living conditions, which varied during the years that the camp operated, and were different in each part of the camp. In Auschwitz I, prisoners lived in old brick barracks. Several hundred three-tier wooden bunk beds were installed in each building. The overcrowding in Auschwitz I forced basements and lofts into use as living quarters, as well. Two types of barracks, brick and wooden, housed prisoners in Birkenau concentration camp.
Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Concentration Camp: [Essay Example], words GradesFixer
Prisoners standing during a roll call at the Buchenwald concentration camp. Schmuhl Photo The first concentration camp in the Nazi system, Dachau, opened in March, By the end of World War II, the Nazis administered a massive system of more than 40, camps that stretched across Europe from the French-Spanish border into the conquered Soviet territories, and as far south as Greece and North Africa. The largest number of prisoners were Jews, but individuals were arrested and imprisoned for a variety of reasons, including ethnicity and political affiliation. Prisoners were subjected to unimaginable terrors from the moment they arrived in the camps; it was a dehumanizing existence that involved a struggle for survival against a system designed to annihilate them.
Life in the camp
Two experts on Auschwitz argue for and against the idea that the former Nazi death camp should be allowed to crumble away. Historian Robert Jan Van Pelt says that once the last survivor has died it should be left for nature to reclaim, and eventually forgotten. But former Polish Foreign Minister Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, once an inmate, says Auschwitz must be preserved to bear witness to the fate of its victims. Their view is best summarised in the text of Alain Resnais' celebrated movie Night and Fog , written by the camp survivor Jean Cayrol. As the camera pans across the empty barracks, the narrator warns the viewer that these remains do not reveal the wartime reality of "endless, uninterrupted fear".
Auschwitz-Birkenau is the general term for the network of Nazi concentration and labor camps , established near the Polish city of Oswiecim. Together this complex was the largest of all the Nazi death camps across Europe and could hold upwards of , inmates at any given time. The complex, which divided into three main areas, was established by the Nazis in and was in use until its Allied liberation in Historians and analysts estimate the number of people murdered at Auschwitz somewhere between 2. Most prisoners held at Auschwitz were killed in gas chambers though many died from starvation, forced labor , disease, shooting squads, and heinous medical experiments.