Adding cinacalcet to standard therapy may not further improve cardiovascular markers in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism SHPT. In a randomized controlled trial, 36 patients on hemodialysis received standard therapy including phosphate binders and vitamin D analogs with and without the addition of the calcimimetic cinacalcet. Total computed tomography Agatston calcification score increased by a median in the cinacalcet group and in the control group, a nonsignificant difference. Coronary and aortic calcification also appeared comparable between arms.
Calcification of the Basal Ganglia Identified in Patients With Hypothyroidism
Case Studies with Calcification | Lithopedion "Stone Child"
In Dr. Friedrich Kuchenmeister and Dr. Tein preformed a review of past and present cases of lithopedions. The two doctors were able to define three subgroups of lithopedion formation with calcification, which later in time the medical community adhered to their classification. In the lithokelyphos, or stone sheath category, calcification occurs mainly in the membranes of the yolk sac or placenta, and does not involve the fetus itself. In true lithopedion, the fetus itself is infiltrated with calcium salt deposits after it is deposited into the abdominal cavity from rupture of the membranes. Of Dr.
Penile Calciphylaxis in Chronic Renal Failure Patient: A Case Study
A proper approach to abdominal calcifications is important to delineate and diagnose common pathologies encountered. In this case, the radiograph sufficed to come to a diagnosis. CT was done following the detection of right-sided hydroureteronephrosis to assess ureteric calculi. Updating… Please wait.
Clinicians should consider the possibility of hypoparathyroidism in patients with chronic low levels of calcium, recurrent twitching of hands or feet, and even epileptic-like psychiatric symptoms to ensure early diagnosis and treatment, a case study reports. Hypoparathyroidism is caused by a deficiency in the parathyroid hormone PTH and is characterized by low levels of calcium, or hypocalcemia, and high levels of phosphorus hyperphosphatemia in the blood. This disorder is often associated with abnormal deposits of calcium calcifications in the basal ganglia , a collection of small structures deep in the brain that play important roles in movement control. Both are characterized by progressive deterioration of mental abilities, slurred speech, and loss of motor skills. This can be accompanied by uncontrollable spasmodic movements chorea , twisting movements of the hands and feet known as tetany , muscle cramps, and seizures.