A coalition of more than organizations and leaders deliver a historic letter to the White House calling on President Obama to stop new federal fossil fuel leasing on public lands and oceans in the United States. Alaska Native rights and Indigenous sovereignty cannot be separated from the problem of extreme oil and gas production in Alaska. Politicians and oil interests have a long history of pushing legislation nullifying Alaska Native land claims, especially those claims that stood in the way of oil and pipeline development. After being declared a state in , Alaska selected for oil development tracts of land on the North Slope, in an area called Prudhoe Bay. Bureau of Land Management, these lands were transferred to the state.
Trans-Alaska Pipeline System
Oil Spill Accident of Exxon Valdez Case Study - Law Essays
TAPS is one of the world's largest pipeline systems. The crude oil pipeline is privately owned by the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company. The pipeline was built between and , after the oil crisis caused a sharp rise in oil prices in the United States. This rise made exploration of the Prudhoe Bay oil field economically feasible. Environmental, legal, and political debates followed the discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in , and the pipeline was built only after the oil crisis provoked the passage of legislation designed to remove legal challenges to the project. In building the pipeline, engineers faced a wide range of difficulties, stemming mainly from the extreme cold and the difficult, isolated terrain.
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The first section of pipe was laid in after more than five years of legal and political arguments. Allegations of faulty welds drew intense scrutiny from local and national observers. A culture grew around the unique working conditions involved in constructing the pipeline, and each union that worked on the project had a different function and stereotype.
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