This e-brief is a guide to Internet resources and research on domestic violence in Australia. The e-brief includes a survey of Commonwealth Government programs and initiatives and an overview of the research on the prevalence of domestic violence, at risk groups and communities, the costs of domestic violence to business and the community, and policy approaches designed to prevent domestic violence. Also included are key journal articles, a list of references and links to domestic violence websites in Australia, both government and non-government. Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. According to the Commonwealth s Office for Women OFW , domestic violence can be exhibited in many forms, including physical violence, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, intimidation, economic deprivation or threats of violence. Domestic violence occurs in all geographic areas of Australia and in all socioeconomic and cultural groups, although domestic violence is a more significant problem for certain groups, such as regional and rural Australia and Indigenous communities.
The economic costs of violence against women
CiteSeerX — The Economic Costs of Violence Against Women: An Evaluation of the Literature
Workplace sexual harassment is widespread, with studies estimating that anywhere from almost a quarter to more than eight in ten women experience it in their lifetimes Feldblum and Lipnic Sexual harassment and assault at work have serious implications for women and for their employers. Women who are targets may experience a range of negative consequences, including physical and mental health problems, career interruptions, and lower earnings. In addition, sexual harassment may limit or discourage women from advancing into higher paid careers and may contribute to the persistent gender wage gap.
Economic cost of violence against women and their children
Violence against women and their children remains a profound problem and addressing it is one of the greatest challenges for Australia. Around one in three Australian women experience physical violence, and almost one in five women experience sexual violence over their lifetime 4. In May , the Australian Government established the National Council to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children the Council to provide expert advice on measures to reduce the incidence and impact of sexual assault and domestic and family violence. The first task for the Council was to develop a national plan of action.
Estimating the full cost of violence against women and girls VAWG will enable governments to understand the cost of prevention and management, and provide a basis for selecting appropriate interventions and policies. However, studies to date have mostly focused on the direct costs of violence, with few attempting to measure the indirect costs. At the same time, none of these methodologies captures the full economic impact of VAWG due to the lack of data and inability to integrate sectoral linkages. This book provides a comprehensive framework to assess the economic cost of VAWG. It applies an economy-wide modelling approach that enables governments to capture important linkages and secondary effects to assess the full impact of VAWG.