Andrea Hayward. The use of tenses in a language as versatile as English can be rather confusing. The situation gets even more muddled when you have to decide which tense to use while writing a scientific research paper. In scientific writing , tense usage depends upon the section of the paper being written. Different sections of the IMRaD format warrant the use of different tenses. These variations within tense usage get even finer and more complex depending upon which aspect of the research process is being discussed.
How To Write A Great Dissertation Abstract
Cheat sheet: Verb tenses in academic writing - Cambridge Proofreading LLC
Published on September 22, by Shane Bryson. Revised on April 16, The different tenses are identified by their associated verb forms. The table below gives an overview of some of the basic functions of tenses and aspects. Tenses locate an event in time, while aspects communicate durations and relationships between events that happen at different times. The present simple is the most commonly used tense in academic writing, so if in doubt, this should be your default choice of tense.
Verb tenses in academic writing
An abstract is a short summary of your published or unpublished research paper, usually about a paragraph c. A well-written abstract serves multiple purposes:. So what you include in your abstract and in your title are crucial for helping other researchers find your paper or article. If you are writing an abstract for a course paper, your professor may give you specific guidelines for what to include and how to organize your abstract. Similarly, academic journals often have specific requirements for abstracts.
Read our verified reviews on TrustPilot. Use the past simple or present perfect for events that began and ended in the past. Different sections of an academic text may require different tenses.