Pongal festival also known as the harvest festival is commemorated to hail the Sun god for his immense blessings and bounties. Adding to it animals which were with the farmers and help them to harvest their crops are also revered. Pongal is a harvest festival in Tamil Nadu. It is celebrated during the first day of the Tamil month Thai.
According to tradition, the festival marks the end of winter solstice, and the start of the sun's six-month-long journey northwards when the sun enters the zodiac Makara Capricorn. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. Pongal is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Tamil people in Tamil Nadu , Karnataka , Andhra Pradesh , [ citation needed ] Telangana [ citation needed ] and Puducherry in India. The Pongal festival is mentioned in an inscription in the Viraraghava temple dedicated to Vishnu Thiruvallur, Chennai. Credited to the Chola king Kulottunga I CE , the inscription describes a grant of land to the temple for celebrating the annual Pongal festivities.
A Detailed Research of the India Thai Pongal Festival
Pongal is one of the greatest festivals celebrated in Tamil Nadu to welcome the harvest season. It is celebrated for more than one day with great festivity and tradition. The festival is a way to thank sun who is considered as god in Hinduism and many other religions. The festival thanks Sun God for helping the people get good harvest and bring prosperity in their lives. Pongal is very significant festival in South India and also a very common topic for essay in schools and colleges.
Pongal is an ancient celebration for the people of Tamil Nadu that is celebrated for four continuous days. Mattu Pongal is the 3rd day of the Pongal celebrations and is observed on the second day of the Thai month in the Tamil calendar. In the Gregorian calendar it is usually celebrated on either 15th or 16th January. Mattu Pongal is the day when people forget their caste, creed or other discriminations and come together to celebrate the new harvest and welcome the new season.