Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Background: It is often difficult for junior qualitative researchers to pull together the tools and resources they need to embark on a high-quality qualitative research study and to manage the volumes of data they collect during qualitative studies. This paper seeks to pull together much needed resources and provide an overview of methods. Methods: A step-by-step guide to planning a qualitative descriptive study and analyzing the data is provided, utilizing exemplars from the authors' research. Results: This paper presents steps to conducting a qualitative descriptive study under the following headings: describing the qualitative descriptive approach, designing a qualitative descriptive study, steps to data analysis, and ensuring rigor of findings.
Qualitative Descriptive Methods in Health Science Research
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The research approach adopted is an important aspect to increase the rationality of the research according to Cresswell The research philosophy, research approaches, research strategies, time horizons and the data collection method form the different layers of the onion depicting each of the research process. The process involves peeling each layer at a time to reach the centre which is the actual question of the research. For this research philosophy of interpretivism was chosen along with deductive approach and mainly using quantitative techniques for data collection and analysis Saunders et al.
How to write a research methodology
A descriptive thesis is a paper that contains a detailed description of people, events, processes, emotions etc. It demonstrates the object as it is in fact. In contrast to a prescriptive thesis that exposes the things how they should be. So a descriptive thesis must be realistic as much as possible. The student needs to apply his organs of sense and attention, then to collect all the details and to transfer them to the reader.
Published on May 15, by Shona McCombes. Revised on September 3, Descriptive research aims to accurately and systematically describe a population, situation or phenomenon. Unlike in experimental research , the researcher does not control or manipulate any of the variables, but only observes and measures them.