This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature reviews in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources. A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information.
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The second step of the literature review is to write the actual literature review chapter this is usually the second chapter in a typical dissertation or thesis structure. This chapter should provide a smooth-flowing discussion of what research has already been done, what is known, what is unknown and what is contested in relation to your research topic. The literature review chapter has a few important functions within your dissertation, thesis or research project. By doing this, you are showing that your research topic is original and will help contribute to the body of knowledge. In other words, the literature review helps justify your research topic.
Aim: A systematic literature review to assess whether preceptorship improves confidence and competence in Newly Qualified Nurses. Background: Preceptorship was introduced into nursing in the United Kingdom in with the original aim to improve competence and confidence. This systematic review was undertaken to review the evidence of the impact of preceptorship on confidence and competence of nurses in their first year post qualifying. Methods: A PRISMA structured systematic review was carried out, 14 papers 4 mixed methods, 8 qualitative, 1 scoping review and 1 service development, published between and were critically reviewed, and data extracted using thematic analysis.
Performing a high quality electronic search of information resources ensures the accuracy and completeness of the evidence base used in your review. To be successful you will need to be looking for the evidence in the right places, matching your topic to the resources you are searching and, as far as possible leaving no stone unturned. If researchers are unable to understand or reproduce how information was gathered for a systematic review, they may suspect the authors of having introduced bias into their review by not conducting a thorough or pre-specified literature search. Source: Hemingway, P. A full systematic review aims to comprehensively identify, evaluate and integrate the findings of all relevant studies on a particular research question.