John Locke was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. Locke is often classified as the first of the great English empiricists. The most important of his goals is to determine the limits of human understanding.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke
John Locke Essay On Human Understanding. Significant Points | kitairu.info
He starts the first argument by attacking the very beginning of knowledge, human senses. Descartes states, "Surely whatever I had admitte It continues to affect some would say "infect" the way problems in epistemology are conceived today. Students of philosophy in his own day, and in the history since have found the distinctive features of his epistemology to be at once attractive and troubling; features such as the emphasis on method, the role of epistemic foundations, the conception of the doubtful as contrasting with the warranted, the skeptical arguments of the First Meditation, and the cogito ergo sum--to mention just a few that we shall consider. I shall begin by explaining the problem of induction, and the sceptical doubts Hume raises concerning the inductive process. I will then explain how Hume solves the problem. Finally, I will conclude by offering a critique of Hume's doctrine, and explain why I find it to be inconsistent.
John Locke and His Assertions on Human Understanding, Essay Example
William James was a radical empiricist James, Preface. James believed that there are multiple true experiences of a singular reality. Locke felt that excellent reading requires critically assessing the material and assimilating it into a coherent view of the world to attain the intellectual good of understanding.
However, at the time of publication, Locke was heavily criticised by those who argued that his uses of the word 'consciousness' was too ambiguous. Some, such as Thomas Reid, interpreted Locke as equating consciousness with memory, and as a result of the fallible nature of memory, argued that Locke's account of personal identity failed. The purpose of this paper is to explore Locke's account of personal identity and show that critics of Locke's account wrongfully advocate for an interpretation that equates consciousness to memory.